• Start Date: 2017-07-14
  • Relevant Team(s): Ember.js
  • RFC PR: https://github.com/emberjs/rfcs/pull/236
  • Tracking: https://github.com/emberjs/rfc-tracking/issues/26


This RFC proposes to deprecate the prototype extensions done by Ember.String, deprecate the loc method, and moving htmlSafe and isHTMLSafe to @ember/template.


Much of the public API of Ember was designed and published some time ago, when the client-side landscape looked much different. It was a time without many utilities and methods that have been introduced to JavaScript since, without the current rich npm ecosystem, and without ES6 modules. On the Ember side, Ember CLI and the subsequent addons were still to be introduced. Global mode was the way to go, and extending native prototypes like Ember does for String, Array and Function was a common practice.

With the introduction of RFC #176, an opportunity to reduce and reorganize the API that is shipped by default with an Ember application appears. A lot of nice-to-have functionality that was added at that time can now be moved to optional packages and addons, where they can be maintained and evolved without being tied to the core of the framework.

In the specific case of Ember.String, our goal is that users that need these utility functions will include @ember/string in their dependencies, or rely on common utility packages like lodash.camelcase.

To achieve the above goal we will move the isHTMLSafe/htmlSafe pair into a new package, deprecate String.prototype extensions, and deprecate the utility functions under the Ember.String namespace.

The "Organize by Mental Model" section of RFC #176 mentions the concept of chunking. In the current setup, isHTMLSafe/htmlSafe make sense in the Ember.String namespace because they operate on strings, and they are available on the prototype, "myString".htmlSafe(). However, once prototype extensions are removed it becomes clearer that while this pair operates on strings, they don't transform them in the same way as capitalize or dasherize. They are instead a way for the user to communicate to the templating engine that this string should be safe to render. For this reason, moving to @ember/template seems appropriate.

Extending native prototypes, like we do for String with "myString".dasherize() and the rest of the API, has been falling out of favour more as time goes by. While the tradeoff might have been positive at the beginning, as it allowed users access to a richer API, prototype extensions blur the line between what is the framework and what is the language in a way that is not benefitial in the current module-driven and package-rich ecosystem.

Relatedly, deprecating Ember.String and requiring @ember/string as a dependency allows Ember to provide a leaner default core to all users, as well as iterate faster on the @ember/string package if desired. Doing this will also open a path to extract more packages in the future.

Transition Path

It is important to understand that the transition path will be done in the context of the new modules API defined in RFC #176, which is scheduled to land in 2.16. As this will likely be first of many packages to be extracted from the Ember source, the transition path arrived on needs to be clear and user-friendly.

What is happening for framework developers?

The order of operations will be as follows:

  1. Move htmlSafe and isHTMLSafe to @ember/template
    • Update https://github.com/ember-cli/ember-rfc176-data
  2. Create an @ember/string package with the remaining public API
  3. Create an ember-string-prototype-extensions package that introduces String prototype extensions to aid in transitioning
  4. Make ember-cli-babel aware of the @ember/string package so it tells babel-plugin-ember-modules-api-polyfill not to convert those imports to the global Ember namespace
  5. Update usages in Ember and Ember Data codebases so that the projects do not trigger deprecations
  6. Deprecate Ember.String
    • Write deprecation guide which mentions minimum version of ember-cli-babel, and how/when to use @ember/string and ember-string-prototype-extensions packages
  7. Deprecate loc in @ember/string

What is happening for framework users?

If you are using Ember.String.loc, you will be instructed to move to a dedicated localization solution, as this method will be completely deprecated.

If you are using Ember.String.htmlSafe or Ember.String.isHTMLSafe, you will be instructed to run the ember-modules-codemod and it will update to the correct imports from the @ember/template package.

If you are using one of the other Ember.String methods, like Ember.String.dasherize, you will receive a deprecation warning to inform you that you should run the ember-modules-codemod, update ember-cli-babel to a specific minor version, and add @ember/string to your application's or addon's dependencies.

If you are using the String prototype extensions, like 'myString'.dasherize(), on top of the previous instructions you will be instructed to install ember-string-prototype-extensions in case updating the code to dasherize('myString') is not trivial.


  • Deprecations are introduced - Ember 2.x
    • String protoype extensions are deprecated
    • Ember.String functions are deprecated
    • loc is completely deprecated
    • isHTMLSafe and htmlSafe are moved to @ember/template
  • Transition packages are introduced - Ember 2.x
    • @ember/string, which replaced Ember.String
    • ember-string-prototype-extensions, which brings String prototype extensions back
  • Deprecations are removed - Ember 3.x, @ember/string 2.x
    • New major version of Ember is released
    • New major version of @ember/string is released

How We Teach This

Official code bases and documentation

The official documentation –website, Guides, API documentation– should be updated not to use String prototype extensions. This documentation should already use the new modules API from an effort to update it for Ember 2.16.

The Guides section on disabling prototype extension will need to be updated when String prototype extensions are removed from Ember.

Resources owned by the Ember teams, such and Ember and Ember Data code bases, the Super Rentals repository, or the builds app for the website, will be updated accordingly.

Ember.String.htmlSafe and Ember.String.isHTMLSafe

The move of htmlSafe and isHTMLSafe from Ember.String to @ember/template should be documented as part of the ember-rfc176-data and related codemods efforts, as that project is the source of truth for the mappings between the Ember global namespace and @ember-scoped modules.

Ember.String.loc and import { loc } from '@ember/string';, Ember.String to @ember/string, String prototype extensions

An entry to the Deprecation Guides will be added outlining the different recommended transition strategies.

Ember.String.loc, import { loc } from '@ember/string';

As this function is deprecated, users will be recommended to use a dedicated localization solution.

Ember.String to @ember/string

The way that @ember-scoped modules will work in 2.16 is that ember-cli-babel will convert something like import { dasherize } from '@ember/string'; to import Ember from 'Ember'; const dasherize = Ember.String.dasherize;. What this means is that import { dasherize } from '@ember/string'; will trigger a deprecation if you do not have the @ember/string package in your dependencies.

To address the above deprecation you will need to update ember-cli-babel to a a specific minor version or higher, to make sure it has the logic to detect @ember/string. The specific minor version will be known at the time the deprecation guide is written. You will also need to add @ember/string to your application's development dependencies, or your addon's dependencies.

String prototype extensions

If you are using 'myString'.dasherize() or one of the other functions added to String, you will be instructed to replace that usage with import { dasherize } from '@ember/string'; dasherize('myString'), in addition to the changes on the previous section.

In case your code base is complicated enough that migrating all these usages at the same time is not convenient, you will be able to add ember-string-prototype-extensions to your dependencies, which will bring back extensions, without deprecations.


A lot of addons that deal with names depend on this behaviour, so they will need to install the addon. Also, Ember Data and some external serializers require these functions.

htmlSafe and isHTMLSafe would need to change packages, thus the reason to try and provide an Ember Watson recipe.

Another side-effect of this change is that certain users might be shipping duplicated code between Ember.String and @ember/string, but it is a necessary stepping stone and might be able to be addressed via svelting.


Leave things as they are.

Unresolved questions